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范曾谈书论画——拙、笨和装傻

Fan Ceng talk ShuLun painting - compensated, stupid and acting stupid

   

    拙,意近古朴、浑雅、天真、生涩,因为有着如此的内涵,所以“拙”成为中国画审美的一个重要范畴。它的对立面是“巧伪”,“巧”字的本身有和心机、绵密相通处,倘不与“伪”联手,还不一定是太大的毛病。

 

    almost of primitive simplicity, muddy, naive, astringent, because have such connotation, so "compensated" has become an important category of aesthetics of Chinese painting. It is the opposite of "false", "smart" the word itself and all same, smooth, if not with "fake", still is not too much trouble.

 

    为一个“拙”字,很多极聪明的人,要使自己糊涂起来。譬如郑板桥,是一位极富才智、巧思的人,然而为了“糊涂”,他必须削除自己过分的敏锐,于是在他的竹石之侧,配以自创的“六分半书”,显然他知道在艺术上的厚重感来源于朴实无华的心灵。“拙”是天真的流露,这对郑板桥来说是比“应物象形”更困难的事。然而郑板桥的高明处,是深知自己的俊发才情之不可控,惟有竭尽努力使不佻巧;他的喟叹“难得糊涂”,恐怕不光指仕途或人际关系,也包含着艺术上的追逐。


     As a "station", a lot of very smart people, to make your confused. Banqiao, for example, is a highly intelligent and think of opportunely, in order to "fool", however, he must remove himself too sharp, so on his bamboo side of the stone, with a made-up "book six and a half", he knew clearly in an intense sense of art from the simplicity of heart. "Compensated" is naive, the banqiao is more difficult than "should object shape". Banqiao high light, however, is having a good hair of talents not controllable, but tried to make no TiaoQiao; He annoys "rare confused", I'm afraid not only refers to the political career or interpersonal relationship, also contains the artistic pursuit.


 

    笨,指智商不高、钝塞、愚蠢、麻木,一事当前、无动于衷,无感发、无联想;应对时,顾此失彼,了无章法,这在中国画上,绝对是要拒绝的。问题是人们的头脑往往不那么清醒,有时竟将可厌的“笨”字与可爱的“拙”字等量齐观,视为一体,这和把薇甘菊这绿色的杀手以为是绿色本身一样的不可原谅。美术史的论说家,恐怕纸上谈兵的居多,于是在辨别薇甘菊和芳草时,难免失误。扬州画派中的金农显然是个愚不可及的笨家伙,他那排列如算子的黑漆书,还可看吗?他那几枝横七竖八的梅花,气韵何在?不少人说这叫“拙”,而且将金农列为扬州八怪之首,显然是怕别人说自己悟性不高,其间不乏故弄玄虚的企图。我看扬州八怪之首的位置,还是应该留给郑板桥,而不属金农这个笨人。

 

    Stupid, IQ is not high, dull, stupid, numbness, current and indifferent, non-inductive hair, no association; Response, attend, without rhyme, this in Chinese painting, is to refuse. Problem is many people's minds are often not so clear, sometimes the images of the word "stupid" and lovely "compensated" posits, as a whole, the killer and mikania micrantha this green thought was green itself is unforgivable. A family history of idea, I'm afraid of, and in identifying osmund chamomile and herbs, hard to avoid mistakes. Yangzhou school of "is clearly a stupid stupid guy, his black lacquer, arranged as operator can see? His branches littering the plum flower, artistically? Many people said that this is called "compensated" and will "listed as the top of the yangzhou eight eccentrics, apparently afraid of others said their understanding is not high, during which there is no lack of mystifying. I see the location of the yangzhou eight eccentrics of, or should be left to banqiao, and does not belong to "the stupid man.

 

    装傻,则指具备狡猾、奸诈的品质。所谓“过默者必怀诈,过谦者必藏奸”。心中有计谋,要“机巧”也不是笔下来不得,偏偏装着痴、恍惚、天才的浑沌、睿智的迷茫。在生活中装着迟钝、缓慢,心中早有应对,而面上不动声色;在画面上则画人必平顶而无脑,画身必佝偻而曲扭,画脚则方向一致、平摆浮搁,画树叶则学八大画两个圈,画树身则如瓶中之鸡毛掸。人大于山、水不容泛,学儿童的天真,天下第一等令人恶心的事是荡妇之学贞女,市侩之学清淳。这样的画风颇有暗潮涌动之势,加上画面以怪乱脏丑为其开路,先已使人不快,再看一些泼皮式打扮者或列坐而饮或彳亍而行,据说这是魏晋文人风度或广言之为古骚人韵士风骨,识者以为欺世,群众语言称之为“装蒜”。


    Playing dumb, is refers to have the cunning and treachery. The so-called "a hammer will be pregnant fraud, cheng will be". Are the plans in the heart, to "cleverness" nor pen which permits, it happened that chaos of chi, trance, genius, wit. Early in life wore a slow, slow, have to deal with, and on the eyelid; Draw in the picture will be flat without brain, painting will be diminished and twist, drawing the feet are in the same direction, horizontal pendulum floating shelf, leaf is eight draw two circles, drawing its trunk is like a feather duster in the bottle. National People's Congress in mountain, water is not generic, learn the innocence of children, world first-class disgusting thing is to learn virgin slut, the learning of qing chun tradesmen. The painting style is quite has the potential of making waves, add images to blame disorderly dirty ugly to open, make people unhappy, first take a look at some ruffian type dress or column to sit and drink or walk slowly, it is said that the wei-jin intellectuals is grace or wide it is ancient dynasties rhyme of character, learning thought QiShi, the language is called "play dumb".


 

    拙、笨和装傻有着原则性的区别,不弄清楚容易使浅识者误入审美之迷途,天下表面相似的东西,往往是邈不相关,甚至是相克为敌的,薇甘菊即是一个最好的例证。孪子之相似者,其母恒能识之。判断美丑的终极标准只有自然。天地之大美已为人类昭示了美的原则,我们需要的是“道法自然”,而不要在与自然相悖的状态下弄出些自欺欺人的东西。

    Mechanism has the difference principle, stupid and acting stupid, don't understand easily make shallow learning into the aesthetic of stray, similar to the surface of things, is often following irrelevant, and even phase grams enemies, mikania micrantha is a prime example. Twin sons of similar, the parent of constant can know. The ultimate standard only nature of judging ugliness. Grand beauty of heaven and earth has for human indicates the principles of beauty, what we need is the nature of the tao, but not in contrary to natural conditions make a something self-delusion.


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